Faced with the prospect of halting new development, the City of Wilmington, N.C., was in need of a repair solution for a section of the city’s force sewer main. After attempts to line the main failed, KRG Utility Inc., Lenoir, N.C., was called in to attempt a difficult large diameter pipe burst.

“The section of main ran right alongside of a busy roadway with telephone poles every 200 ft with power, phone and cable lines,” said KRG Utility president Jeff Greene. “If pipe bursting didn’t work, the city would have had to shut the road down and deal with the power lines. It could have been a mess.”

For the project Greene chose the largest static pipe bursting unit in the world, a Grundoburst 2500G from trenchless equipment manufacturer TT Technologies, Aurora, Ill.

KRG Utility provides pipe bursting and sewer camera services to North and South Carolina, as well as portions of Virginia and Georgia. With 38 employees, Greene along with his brother Marty is able to maintain three pipe bursting crews and two TV crews. In addition, KRG crews offer sliplining services, a method that has ties to the company’s beginnings.

According to Greene, the company began with his father, a backhoe and a large pipeline project. “My dad started the company back in 1979. Around that time a subsidiary of a large copper mining company had a sliplining project in Virginia and hired my dad. At that time, all he had was a backhoe,” Greene said. “He ended up being paid $500 a day to dig insertion pits for that project. He worked for them for over a year, digging holes everyday. At the end of that job, the company decided it was getting out of the sliplining business and they sold everything on that job and my dad bought it.”

Soon after, Greene’s father was able to land a long-term project in Fayetteville, N.C., that solidified the business and kept it growing. After his father’s passing in 1992, Jeff, (who holds an engineering degree from North Carolina State University), left his job at an engineering firm to help his brother Marty run the family business. Today, Jeff and his brother run the company. Jeff serves as the company’s president and handles the meetings, billings, bids, etc., and his brother Marty handles the day-to-day operations.

Pipe Bursting Background


TT Technologies product specialist Brian Hunter said KRG Utility is no stranger to pipe bursting whether it is static or pneumatic. “The company owns and operates a range of pneumatic pipe bursting tools, including several mid-size reversible tools and some larger diameter rear expander configured tools,” he said. “In addition, they just recently added a static bursting system. With their level of experience and expertise, they were well positioned to take on the challenging bursting project in Wilmington.”

According to Greene, they keep their bursting tools working. “We’ve done a good deal of bursting in Greensboro and we’re working quite a bit in Winston-Salem,” he said. “I’d say we’re averaging between 2,500 and 3,000 ft of bursting per month. Now with the new static machine, we want to be able to promote water line bursting.”

The City of Wilmington operates two wastewater treatment plants and a collection system that handles, on average, 16.80 millions of gals of wastewater each day and capable of handling 27.5 mgd. The system includes approximately 370 miles of gravity sewer lines and 25 miles of pressurized force main. Like many cities throughout the country, growth and age are pushing Wilmington’s infrastructure to the limit.

In a special order of consent (SOC) with the state of North Carolina, the City of Wilmington agreed to repair its Northeast Interceptor (NEI) force main within a specific amount of time or face steep fines, up to $1,000 per day. In addition, the state declared that it was unacceptable for the city to continue to issue building permits, specifically sewer extension permits, within NEI service area until the repairs were complete. While repair work began months earlier, the final version of the SOC contract was approved by the state in September 2007 and stipulated that work must be completed by June 2008 or fines would be imposed.

On the Job


Up to this point, much of the lining of the force main sewer was already complete. However, this particular section of main had been lined three times. Each time it failed to maintain pressure under testing. After attempting to cut out the three liners from almost 500 ft of sewer main, the lining contractor was instructed to find another solution to the problem. KRG Utility was called in to determine the possibility of replacing the existing main with high density polyethylene pipe (HDPE) through static pipe bursting.

“We do a lot pre-cleaning and TV work for the company that attempted to line that section of force main. They got themselves in kind of a bind down there in Wilmington and gave us a call,” Greene said. “Over a two-month period, the liner attempts had failed. They needed to get that job done. So they talked to the engineer and called us to come out and try to pipe burst it.”  

Crews used a Grundoburst 2500G with more than 300 tons of pulling power to burst the 500 ft of 20-in. ductile iron force main with the three high-pressure liners still inside and replaced it with 22-in. diameter HDPE. KRG worked with TT Technologies’ to modify cutter head tooling to work for this challenging situation.

The project was divided into two bursting runs, one of 180 ft, the other 320 ft. KRG crews prepared a machine pit in between the two runs that measured 10 ft wide by 35 ft long. The pipe was located approximately 7 ft deep. With a high water table, KRG crews dewatered the site continuously throughout the project and the pit was extensively shored. KRG crews completed the shorter of the two runs first. They began by threading the exiting pipe with the Quicklock bursting rods. Once the rods were through the pipe and at the insertion pit, the large diameter cutter head, expander and fused HDPE were attached.

The first run was completed without incident, taking approximately 1.5 hours of actual bursting time to complete. The second was performed two days later. The Grundoburst 2500G, still set in the machine pit, was turned 180 degrees in order to burst the 320-ft section of pipe. The crew rodded the pipe section then attached the cutter head, expander and new HDPE. Additional care was taken on this section because it ran directly underneath a pressured water main located right at the end of the run. Ultimately this section was successfully burst and replaced in approximately three hours.

Once the new HDPE was installed, it was connected to the ductile iron force main with mechanical joint adapters. The line pressure test was successful. According to public documents, the sewer moratorium was lifted in March 2008.

Jim Schill is a technical writer, based in Mankato, Minn.

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